Atomic Spectra and Collisions in External Fields:
External Properties of Atomic Nuclei / Äussere Eigenschaften der Atomkerne:Kernphysik / Nuclear Physics. Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1958. S. Flügge
Atomic Spectra and Collisions in External Fields:Physics of Atoms and Molecules. Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1988.
This book describes the interaction of living matter with photons, neutrons, charged particles, electrons and ions. The authors are specialists in the field of radiation protection. The book synthesizes many years of experiments with external radiation exposure in the fields of dosimetry and radiation shielding in medical, industrial and research fields. It presents the basic physical concepts including dosimetry and offers a number of tools to be used by students, engineers and technicians to assess the radiological risk and the means to avoid them by calculating the appropriate shields. The theory of radiation interaction in matter is presented together with empirical formulas and abacus. Numerous numerical applications are treated to illustrate the different topics. The state of the art in radiation protection and dosimetry is presented in detail, especially in the field of simulation codes for external exposure to radiation, medical projects and advanced research. Moreover, important data spread in different up to date references are presented in this book. The book deals also with accelerators, X-rays facilities, sealed sources, dosimetry, Monte Carlo simulation and radiation regulation. Each chapter is split in two parts depending on the level of details the readers want to focus on. The first part, accessible to a large public, provides a lot of simple examples to help understanding the physics concepts under radiation external exposure. The second part, called Additional Information is not mandatory; it aims on explaining topics more deeply, often using mathematical formulations. The book treats fundamental radiometric and dosimetric quantities to describe the interaction in materials under the aspects of absorbed dose processes in tissues. Definitions and applications on limited and operational radiation protection quantities are given. An important aspect are practical engineering tools in industrial, medical and research domains. Source characterization and shielding design are addressed. Also more exotic topics, such as ultra intense laser and new generation accelerators, are treated. The state of the art is presented to help the reader to work with the book in a self-consistent way. The basic knowledge necessary to apply Monte Carlo methods in the field of radiation protection and dosimetry for external radiation exposure is provided. Coverage of topics such as variance reduction, pseudo-random number generation and statistic estimators make the book useful even to experienced Monte Carlo practitioners. Solved problems help the reader to understand the Monte Carlo process. The book is meant to be used by researchers, engineers and medical physicist. It is also valuable to technicians and students. Rodolphe Antoni received a master degree in radiation protection from the joseph Fourier university of Grenoble in 1998. From 1999 to 2001 he was at the OPRI (French governmental office for radiation protection), working on authorizations of radioactive waste release from nuclear plants. From 2001, he joins the radiation protection service at CEA (Commissariat à lEnergie Atomique) at Saclay, where he works on dosimetry and radiation protection R&D. Along with this position, he teaches radiation physics and protection in bachelor and master degrees at INSTN (Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucléaires). Since 2009, he works at LMN (nuclear measurement Laboratory) at CEA Cadarache center, on non-destructive essay for radioactive waste with neutron measurement based on differential die-away technique and coincidence. He received his Ph.D. in 2014 on this topic. After his master degree Laurent Bourgois began his career at the CEA (French atomic energy commission) Saclay research center in the radiation protection department in 1991. He worked in different fields of radiation protection: particle accelerators, X-rays generator, nuclear fuel, high-activity sealed sources facilities; environment; metrology; dosimetry; radiation shielding; nuclear safety; nuclear intervention; detection; ... He occupied various management positions. In 2007 he was appointed Radiation Protection department head at the CEA/DAM Ile de France research center (Bruyère la chatel center). He participated of various expertise activities (e.g. expert for french nuclear safety authority), training activities (e.g. lecturer in radiation shielding, European master in radiation protection), various task groups (e.g. evaluation of the
The CG Series includes three distinct models tailored to different types of studios. The CG-2000 is designed for the needs of broadcasting and post production, the CG-1800 for small to large-scale video/audio synchronization systems, and the CG-1000 for recording studios, live sound applications and professional musicians.The crystal oscillator is the heart of the clock generator. In each model of the CG Series, an OCXO (oven-controlled crystal oscillator) is used for its high precision, and the fact it is not influenced by the temperature of the environment. Boasting a clock frequency precision of 0.01 ppm*1, which exceeds that of a TCXO (temperature-compensated crystal oscillator), this unit is key in the creation of high-precision synchronization systems - with word output frequency stability of ±0.005ppm or less per day.- Internal clock uses a high-precision OCXO (oven-controlled crystal oscillator) that is not influenced by the temperature of the environment- External input connector that supports 10MHz, allowing creation of systems with even higher precision- Jitter management circuit provides stable clock- Glitch-free relocking circuit prevents noise and skipping during clock dropouts and recovery- Numerous output connectors, including (12) word clock outputs, enabling the use in large-scale video/audio synchronization systems- Supports input and output of a variety of video signal formats, including NTSC, PAL and HD Tri-level- AES3 and AES11 signals can also be used for external master clock input sources- Analyzer function that can measure output device termination- Optimal levels can be provided to other devices by adjusting wordclock output levels- Self-calibration function using an external oscillator (Atomic/GPS 10MHz, GPS PPS) *Use of the self-calibration function requires the use of a separate PPS-output 10MHz oscillator with a built-in GPS antenna.- Word clock performance up to 192 kHz- 0.1% pull-up/down for 24F(Film) and 29.97F(NTSC), and 4% pull-up/down for 24F(Film) and 25F(PAL)- Up to (4) system settings can be saved to buttons for recall, and saved settings can be imported and exported via USB- Durable nut-coupling BNC connectors made by Amphenol- Independent circuit boards for each connector prevents contact failures due to twisting- Three-prong IEC power cable included- Panel-lock switch can be used to prevent inadvertent changes to unit operation- 128x64-pixel organic EL display with a wide viewing angle- Firmware updates possible using the USB port- EIA 1U rack mount size
This first edition of the iconic Panthella floor lamp was designed by Danish designer Verner Panton for manufacturer Louis Poulsen. The designers inspiration is drawn from the mushroom shaped atomic bomb clouds of WWII. The base of the light is chrome plated with the switch integrated in the base. This is characteristic of the first edition, as the later productions are smaller in diameter and have an external switch. The three-stage switch functions to provide three different light intensities; 60Watts - 100Watts or 160Watts. The original lightbulb that makes this possible, is not included but can be purchased optionally. These bulbs are not manufactured anymore, but we have them available upon request.
This book systematically introduces the single frequency semiconductor laser, which is widely used in many vital advanced technologies, such as the laser cooling of atoms and atomic clock, high-precision measurements and spectroscopy, coherent optical communications, and advanced optical sensors. It presents both the fundamentals and characteristics of semiconductor lasers, including basic F-P structure and monolithic integrated structures; interprets laser noises and their measurements; and explains mechanisms and technologies relating to the main aspects of single frequency lasers, including external cavity lasers, frequency stabilization technologies, frequency sweeping, optical phase locked loops, and so on. It paints a clear, physical picture of related technologies and reviews new developments in the field as well. It will be a useful reference to graduate students, researchers, and engineers in the field. The authors work at the Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. They have been engaged in the field of semiconductor lasers, optical communications and optical fiber sensors for many years. Their work focuses on applications of single frequency semiconductor laser, such as laser cooling, highly precise interferometers and coherent optical communications in recent years.
This book presents a summary of the important outcomes of the SIGMA project related to all aspects of Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Assessment: source characterization, rock motion characterization, site response characterization, and hazard calculations, with for all of them emphasis on the treatment of uncertainties. In recent years, attempts have been made to identify and quantify uncertainties in seismic hazard estimations for regions with moderate seismicity. These uncertainties, for which no estimation standards exist, create major difficulties and can lead to different interpretations and divergent opinions among experts. To address this matter, an international research project was launched in January 2011, by an industrial consortium composed of French and Italian organizations. This program, named SIGMA (Seismic Ground Motion Assessment) lasted for five years and involved a large number of international institutions. This book is intended for instructors running courses on engineering seismology, graduate students in the same field and practicing engineers involved in Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analyses. Alain Pecker received his MSc Degree from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1973. Subsequently he worked as an engineer in the field of geosciences. He currently is professor at the Graduate School of Earthquake Engineering at the University of Pavia, Italy (since 2001) and at the Civil and Construction Engineering Department at Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, France (since 2002). He is an expert in soil mechanics and geotechnical engineering, dynamic and seismic analyses with a focus on nuclear installations, marine installations, bridges, dams-canals, among others. He is a member of a number of associations in the field and served as president of the French Association for Earthquake Engineering from 1992 to 1996. Pecker has authored or coauthored 6 books on soil dynamics and earthquake engineering and has published 48 papers in international peer reviewed journals. He was keynote speaker at a large number of conferences, among them the 14th and 15th European Conference on Earthquake Engineering in Ohrid (2010) and Istanbul (2014). He is a member of the French National Academy of Technology. Ezio Faccioli received his MSc degree in Civil Engineering from Milan Technical University in 1964 and his PhD in Civil Engineering from the University of Illinois, USA, in 1968. Currently, he holds the position of retained consultant and partner at Studio Geotecnico Italiano srl, in Milan, Italy. He is a retired professor of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Seismology at the Department of Structured Engineering at Politecnico di Milano, with which he had been affiliated since 1968. Faccioli was the leader of the SGI-Politecnico di Milano specialist team in the 5 year SIGMA research and development program. His main interests are engineering seismology, soil dynamics and vibration. He was member of the national working group charged with the elaboration of the current seismic zonation map of Italy, promulgated by a decree in May 2006. He co-authored 5 books has published 50 papers in international peer reviewed journals After twenty one years of service at the International Atomic Energy Agency at various levels of responsibility, Dr. Gurpinar retired from the IAEA and started independent consulting work. He specializes in three major fields; (i) new build nuclear power plant projects focusing on selection and qualification of the site, (ii) protection of nuclear and other critical facilities against acts of sabotage, and (iii) design and evaluation of nuclear and other critical facilities against external hazards, especially earthquakes. He is a regular consultant to Worley Parsons, involved in NPP Projects in Bulgaria, Egypt, Jordan, Armenia, Poland and Turkey. He has also worked as a consultant for international organizations such as the IAEA and the European Commission. He is a current member of INSAG, the advisory group to the Director General of the IAEA. Gurpinar received his MSc in Civil Engineering from the State University of California in 1968 and his PhD in Civil Engineering with a minor in Mathematics from the University of New Mexico in 1971. He has published three books and over 150 papers in international journals or conference proceedings. He is also one of the principal authors of IAEAs Comprehensive Report on the Fukushima Daiichi accident. Christophe Martin is a Certified Seismologist
Understand Blenders Python API to allow for precision 3D modeling and add-on development. Follow detailed guidance on how to create precise geometries, complex texture mappings, optimized renderings, and much more. This book is a detailed, user-friendly guide to understanding and using Blenders Python API for programmers and 3D artists. Blender is a popular open source 3D modeling software used in advertising, animation, data visualization, physics simulation, photorealistic rendering, and more. Programmers can produce extremely complex and precise models that would be impossible to replicate by hand, while artists enjoy numerous new community-built add-ons. The Blender Python API is an unparalleled programmable visualization environment. Using the API is made difficult due to its complex object hierarchy and vast documentation. Understanding the Blender Python API clearly explains the interface. You will become familiar with data structures and low-level concepts in both modeling and rendering with special attention given to optimizing procedurally generated models. In addition, the book: Discusses modules of the API as analogs to human input modes in Blender Reviews low-level and data-level manipulation of 3D objects in Blender Python Details how to deploy and extend projects with external libraries Provides organized utilities of novel and mature API abstractions for general use in add-on development What Youll Learn Generate 3D data visualizations in Blender to better understand multivariate data and mathematical patterns. Create precision object models in Blender of architectural models, procedurally generated landscapes, atomic models, etc. Develop and distribute a Blender add-on, with special consideration given to careful development practices Pick apart Blenders 3D viewport and Python source code to learn about API behaviors Develop a practical knowledge of 3D modeling and rendering concepts Have a practical reference to an already powerful and vast API Who This Book Is For Python programmers with an interest in data science, game development, procedural generation, and open-source programming as well as programmers of all types with a need to generate precise 3D models. Also for 3D artists with an interest in programming or with programming experience and Blender artists regardless of programming experience. Chris Conlan began his career as an independent data scientist specializing in trading algorithms. He attended the University of Virginia where he completed his undergraduate statistics coursework in three semesters. During his time at UVA, he secured initial fundraising for a privately held high-frequency Forex group as president and chief trading strategist. He is currently managing the development of private technology companies in high-frequency forex, machine vision, and dynamic reporting. Author of Automated Trading with R (Apress).
This book analyses the economic history of the nuclear program in Spain, from its inception in the 1950s to the nuclear moratorium in the early 1980s, and investigates the economic, financial and business origins of atomic energy in Spain. The actual dimension of the Spanish nuclear sector, which exceeded the relative economic and political clout of the country at the time, reflects the combination of domestic and foreign interests. Each contribution inserts the Spanish case within the international development of nuclear energy, but also shows how the Spanish nuclear program came about, how it was financed, and who the main architects and beneficiaries at the industrial, financial, commercial and banking levels were; all without losing sight of the energy policy aspects such as energy mix and energy security. The volume provides useful analysis and sources for a variety of core fields across the social sciences including economic history of post-war Europe, industrial and energy policy, international relations and history of technology. M.d.Mar Rubio-Varas is Associate Professor at the Department of Economics at the Public University of Navarre, Spain. She is an energy economist and economic historian; her research interests focus on the long-term relationships between energy consumption and economic growth, covering aspects of energy external dependence and the transition to a low carbon economy. She has published in international journals of economic history, energy policy and environmental economics. Joseba De la Torre is Professor of Economic History at the Public University of Navarre, Spain. He is a specialist of the industrial policy and the indicative planning of developmentalism during the Franco regime. He has been Visiting Professor at La Maison des Sciences de lHomme in Paris, France, and at the Center for European and Mediterranean Studies of New York University, USA. He was previously Dean of Faculty of Economics and Business at the Public University of Navarre, Spain.